What sets mitoYDNA apart from other DNA Databases?
- Mags Gaulden, Team Member, January 1, 2021
- Mags Gaulden, Team Member, January 1, 2021
I jumped into Genetic Genealogy to solve a family mystery, like so many of us. The very first test I did was a mtDNA test. I did it to see if my grandmother really was connected to the family she reconnected with after living for many years in a children's "home". The mtDNA work I did on the line, using the testing company database and a secondary database (available at the time), helped in major ways toward solving the mystery.
My Father is "all in" for my family research and tested next, doing a YDNA test. There are really no mysteries in my father's line, though I did make a discovery - a big one. My Surname is a derivative of the surname Gaulding. I discovered this not on the testing site - had no matches there right after his kit was processed - I discovered it by uploading his results to that secondary site to make discoveries.
In my experience, I needed a secondary (third-party) database in order to make these discoveries.
Since the old secondary database is no longer available? mitoYDNA.org makes the data not available in current DNA testing company databases available. But what is that makes mitoYDNA.org different from them?
First and foremost? The Team
We are community supported in three ways:
- Volunteers do everything. From the board over to our IT professionals, genetic genealogists, genealogists.
- The community informs what we add to the basic database and tools and analytics.
- The community, through donations, keep the lights on.
mitoYDNA.org, the database
We take Y and mtDNA from all DNA testing companies. Have results from your Sorenson test from years ago? Add them to mitoYDNA.org to be able to use your data again. Have Genographic 1.0 you can no longer access or use? Add your results to mitoYDNA.org. What about those old Ancestry tests that offered a look into your Haplogroups? Upload those old Ancestry results to mitoYDNA.org. YSEQ is another testing company available right now, add your results too!
The point here is that mitoYDNA takes results uploads from every possible Y and mtDNA test, past present and future.
We have tools. All of the tools are available to every registrant on the site. We bring together tools we create and also tools that are available to the community, and put them in one place and in the context of your results.
Here is a bullet list with links.
- mitoYDNA allows anyone to view your (or your father's) Y haplotype: https://www.mitoydna.org/public/YKit?MtyID=T10003 and to view your mtDNA (differences from the rCRS): https://www.mitoydna.org/public/mtKit?MtyID=T10542 At Family Tree DNA, you may be able to see results https://www.familytreedna.com/public/WikiTree?iframe=yresults & https://www.familytreedna.com/public/WikiTree?iframe=mtresults but not all projects are public and you can't link directly to an individual's DNA result.
- mitoYDNA allows for easy public comparisons of Y haplotypes https://www.mitoydna.org/public/YCompare?MtyID=T11094%2CT10835%2CT10837%2CT12559%2CT10855%2CT10836 and mtDNA differences https://www.mitoydna.org/public/mtCompare?MtyID=T12215,T10875,T12998,T13037
- mitoYDNA allows you to view DNA from human remains. For example, the mtDNA of King Richard III: https://www.mitoydna.org/public/YKit?MtyID=Z10009 or the Y-DNA of Czar Nicholas II: https://www.mitoydna.org/public/YKit?MtyID=Z10007
- mitoYDNA allows you to store, view, and compare results from different commercial labs such as YSEQ, Genebase, African Ancestry, Yoogene or defunct Y-DNA tests from: Gene Tree, DNA Heritage, Relative Genetics, SMGF, Ancestry, Family Genetics, EthnoAncestry, Oxford Ancestors, Paternity Experts, Genographic Project (Nat Geo 1.0), as well as Family Tree DNA affiliates: iGENEA, Genera, DNA Ancestry and Family Origin, and AfricanDNA, and research labs using Yfiler.
- mitoYDNA allows you to integrate with DNA Painter's Trees https://blog.dnapainter.com/blog/bringing-y-mt-and-mitoydna-into-dna-painter-trees/ (last section).
- Use a collaborative genealogy site such as WikiTree to associate Y-DNA with a patrilineal line https://www.wikitree.com/index.phptitle=Special:Relationship&action=calculate&person1_name=Haviland-425&person2_name=Haviland-266 and https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Haviland-266 .
or mtDNA with a public matrilineal line: https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:Relationship&action=calculate&person1_name=Tillman-416&person2_name=Hamon-244 and https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hamon-244
Those associations can be used to help confirm the accuracy of patrilineal and matrilineal lines. For example: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:DNA_Confirmation
- mitoYDNA integrates with third-party utilities. Such as:
Rob Spenser's SNP Tracker, go to https://www.mitoydna.org/public/YKit?MtyID=T12262 and click on the yellow Track button and the SNP Age buttons. You can also easily create graphics of Y-DNA clusters using SNP Tracker's Clustering utility, view the video demonstration at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O58iqiwq1DM
Video demonstration of J.D. McDonald's Time to the Most Resent Common Ancestor: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACC-h0OwVLE
Video demonstration of Ann Turner's Y-DNA Mutation Calculator https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6eW_LKo5zk
Video demonstration of Dean McGee's utility (starts at the 2:00 minute mark) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X5Rx4x-2ss4
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